The U.K. to join he Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank as a founding member and CIPS the alt. to SWIFT ?
The government of the United Kingdom just announced that they would be applying to join the Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank as a founding member.
The United States currently dominates the global financial system. But after years of sanctions, wars, debt, money printing and regulations, the rest of the world are looking for an alternative.
The soon-to-be-live Chinese International Payment System (CIPS) will provide a way for banks to transfer funds to one another without having to use the US banking system or the US dollar.
Shanghai by night courtesy of Wiki Commons
China is also the initiator behind both the BRICS development bank (called the New Development Bank, or NDB) as well as the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). Both of these are multilateral development banks that aim to end the dominance of the western-controlled World Bank and IMF.
NDB includes all the BRICS nations– Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
Founding members of the AIIB include China, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, etc. They’re typically all rapidly growing and/or resource-rich developing nations.
New Zealand was the first western nation to join AIIB in October 2014, and Britain has just announced its intention to become the second.
The signatories to the NDB and AIIB charter documents want to create an alternative to the United States dominance of the global financial system by launching these new development banks and an alternative payment system together.
Armenia launched last year, the first-ever tax-free business zone which is meant to mainly cater to high-tech manufacturing companies.
The tax-free zone covering around 10 hectares (25 acres) of land and office space is designed for companies specializing in information technology, engineering, telecommunications, renewable energy and pharmaceuticals.
Companies based in the zone will be exempt from profit, value-added and property taxes as well as import duties.
Regional Map with Armenia courtesy of Wiki Commons
Putin ordered the launch of the “Double Eagle project” because the US blocked a payment from the Russian embassy in Astana, Kazakhstan in March 2014.
The payment was directed to SOGAZ Insurance Group through SWIFT.
This made Putin furious and he initiated the Double Eagle Project, an international money transferring system named after the Russian Double Eagle gold coin.
Moscow by night courtesy of Wikipedia
SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) system is the global banking system’s postal system. SWIFT has more than 10,000 members in more than 200 countries, and handles more than 15 million messages daily.
SWIFT is based in Belgium, and subject to EU law. However, the U.S. government claims legal authority over all SWIFT transactions denominated in U.S dollars, even if those dollars never enter a U.S. bank account.
So when European banks used SWIFT to facilitate dollar dominated transactions between Iran and third parties, the U.S. fined those banks billions of dollars for violating U.S. sanctions, even though no money passed through the United States.
Russia launch competing money transfer system
When the United Kingdom, called for Russian banks to be ejected from SWIFT during the height of the Ukraine crisis, the Russian bear was alerted.
Late 2014, Russia announced that they will launch an alternative to SWIFT by May 2015. The new international money transfering system would nominate transactions in roubles, with conversion to and from U.S. dollars at either end.
The liberation of fiat money movements.
A Russian international money transfer system would be an alternative global economic and financial system beyond U.S. rules and Western sanctions.
Russia has joined the New Development Bank, an alternative to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The participating countries, Russia, South Africa, China, India and Brazil, comprise more than 3 billion people, 41.4% of the world’s population, and account for more than 25% of global GDP.
China Merchants Bank now issues the world’s #2 credit card.
Russia and China have both built up their gold reserves.
A new trans-Atlantic cable to allow independent worldwide communications is under development.
Importers, exporters, and investors who are citizens of the EU and US are also likely to make use of the Double Eagle system , instead of SWIFT, when it suits them.
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The purpose of Tax & Money Havens Linkedin group is to function like alumni forum for the following areas,
- Offshore companies, offshore bank accounts, offshore jurisdictions. foundations and trusts.
– Compare jurisdictions world wide on taxes, bank secrecy, corporate entities, capital protection, storage of bullion, second passport, etc.
Marsascala, Malta picture above courtesy Best of European Union, is a town located at the Marsascala Bay on the southeastern part of the island of Malta.
– Advice that guide you to through turbulent times. Pros and cons of the most interesting offshore locations. Overlooked places and how to use them in an intelligent way, and more.
The Baltic nation plan to build itself as an e-nation, effectively allowing anyone to become a digital citizen and living his digital life within its networks.
The country aims to have 5,000 e-residents by 2020. Additional lure is the possibility to get 0% corporate income tax in the European Union. Estonia does not have the reputation of a tax haven which gives companies an additional reason to move businesses to Estonia, an added value is the fact that Estonia is not only a EU and Euro zone member, but also one of the Baltic countries. So you have both legal security and political support of Baltic countries.
Estonia will issue identity cards allowing access to its digital services to people residing outside the Baltic nation as it seeks to boost foreign investment. Lawmakers in the capital Tallinn voted unanimously with no abstentions to let foreigners seek e-residence status to be able to set up a company in Estonia or sign legal documents from anywhere in the world, according to a live broadcast. The law goes into effect on Dec. 1.
Estonia emerge as a global digital leader.
Tallin, Estonia old and new. Picture courtesy of Wiki Commons.
Corporate Income tax
Estonia applies a unique and favorable approach on taxation of corporate profits. Resident companies and permanent establishments of the foreign entities (including branches) are subject to 21% income tax only in respect of all distributions (both actual and deemed), including:
- dividends and other profit distributions;
- fringe benefits;
- gifts, donations and representation expenses;
- and expenses and payments not related to business.
Profit retained in the company is taxed at 0%.
As of January 1, 2009 dividends paid to non-residents are no longer subject to withholding tax at the general rate of 21%, irrespective of participation in the share capital of the distributing Estonian company.
Estonia does not impose any estate taxes. Local governments have the authority to impose local taxes, but effectively only few municipalities have introduced these.
Estonia has effective tax treaties with 51 countries. Under the double tax treaties a significant reduction of withholding taxes on various payments to non-residents is available.
Considerations for the investor
- Main principles of Estonian tax policy: simple tax system, broad tax base and low rates.
- The aim of the current Estonian tax policy is to shift the tax burden from labour to consumption.
- Flat income tax rate since 1994 (flat income tax rate at 21% applies to both individuals and companies).
- Unique corporate tax system since 2000: all undistributed corporate profits are tax-exempt. (0%)
- Individuals can have investment account to benefit from 0% corporate income tax.
- Local taxes play an insignificant role in the Estonian tax system.
- Electronic tax administration is well established. Business taxpayers can file, view and correct their tax returns online using the eTaxBoard (eMaksuamet). They can also use it to view their tax account balances and VAT returns, and submit VAT refund applications.
- Vast majority (92% – 2010) of yearly personal income tax declarations are submitted electronically.
- The standard VAT rate is 20% from 1 July 2009 and the reduced rate is 9%.